The definitions of "foreign sources," as a qualification criterion for NCOs, individuals, and the media as FAs, have specific features, as described below. Foreign sources for NCOs
(para. 6, Art. 2 of Federal Law No. 7-FZ On NCOs of Jan. 12, 1996) are foreign states, state bodies of foreign states, international and foreign organizations, foreign citizens, and stateless persons or persons authorized by them.
Unlike the definition of foreign sources for individuals, foreign sources for NCOs may also include citizens of the RF or Russian legal entities that receive funds and (or) other property from foreign sources or act as intermediaries in receiving such funds and (or) other property (except for open joint stock companies with state participation and their subsidiaries). Foreign sources for the media, specifically individuals recognized as media
(Art. 6 of Federal Law No. 2124-1 On the Mass Media of Dec. 27, 1991), include all foreign sources listed for NCOs, while adding foreign media included in the FA registry and Russian legal entities established by the media that are included in the FA registry. Foreign sources for individuals
(part 1 of Art. 2.1 of Federal Law No. 272-FZ On Measures of Influence on Persons Involved in Violations of Fundamental Human Rights and Freedoms, the Rights and Freedoms of Citizens of the Russian Federation)
Law No. 272-FZ classifies the following as foreign sources for individuals:
- a foreign state;
- state bodies of a foreign state;
- an international or foreign organization;
- a foreign citizen; and
- a stateless person.
It is unclear whether Russian citizens or Russian legal entities can be recognized as a foreign source, since hypothetically there is a possibility of applying the same rule as for NCOs.