Three college friends who meet every weekend to discuss the latest developments in their lives are not considered a public association. The same three friends who meet to exchange the latest news, discuss issues related to artificial intelligence, and agree on topics for the next meeting are also not considered a public association. If the three friends later decide to develop a charter and choose governing and auditing bodies for their group, they are considered to have established a UPA. However, Russian legislation does not clearly regulate the legal status of such an association.
On behalf of a UPA, it is possible to send proposals to state authorities or local governments, report this information on a website, launch PR campaigns, freely distribute information, conduct activities to protect common interests and achieve common goals, amongst other activities. To conduct financial and economic activities, such as acquiring money or other property in the name of the association or concluding contracts, the UPA would have to registry with the relevant state body as a legal entity.